History of Banjarmasin

Banjarmasih is the name of the village inhabited by ethnic Malays. The village is situated at the northern mouth of the river Kuin, namely Kuin Village area of North and South Alalak today. Kampung Banjarmasih formed by five small rivers flow, namely Sipandai rivers, streams Sigaling, Keramat river, rivers and streams Prince constable who all met to form a lake. The word banjo comes from the Malay language which means village or also mean as the location of the rows of houses lined up along the banks of the river villages. Banjarmasih means Malay kampong people, the name of the person Ngaju (tribe Barangas) that inhabit the surrounding villages.

Population Banjarmasih Oloh Masih known as the mean of the Malays, called by Oloh Ngaju (oloh = people, Ngaju = upstream) is. Still Oloh community leaders called Patih Still the actual name is unknown. According to the Hikayat Banjar, when it became the capital of the kingdom (1520), Banjarmasin have called Bandar trading port which was situated on the banks of the river next Martapura upstream from the mouth of the river Kelayan.

Banjarmasih Palace 1526-1612

In the 16th century came the first king of the Kingdom Banjarmasih with Raden Samudera, a fugitive who threatened his safety by his uncle Prince Tumenggung who became king of the Kingdom of State Daha a Hindu kingdom in pedalamam (Hulu Sungai). Hatred Prince Tumenggung occurs when Maharaja Sukarama surviving grandson of Raden Samudera intestate for later succeeded him as king. Raden Samudera itself is the son of Galuh Puteri Intan Sari, daughter of Maharaja Sukarama. The assistance Arya Taranggana, state Mangkubumi Daha, Raden Samudera escape downstream of the Barito river which at that time there were several villages including the village Banjarmasih.

PatihMasih and the governor (head of village) who agreed to pick up Raden Samudera Belandean hiding in the village and after Bandar Muara Bahan seized in the area Bakumpai, namely airports Daha state trade and commerce center to Banjarmasih move along with the residents and merchants, then crowned Raden Samudera into king with the title of Prince of the Samudera. This led to war and the withdrawal occurs demarcation line and the economic blockade of the coast to the hinterland. Prince Samudera seek military assistance to various coastal areas of Borneo, namely Kintap, Satui, Swarangan, Amino Acids, Pulo Laut, Pamukan, Pasir, Kutai, Berau, Karasikan, Biaju, Sebangau Mendawai, Sampit, Wasters, Kota Waringin, Sukadana, Lawai and Sambas. This is to deal with the kingdom of Daha state that was militarily stronger and more densely populated at that time. Aid is more important is military aid from the Sultanate of Demak, which is only granted if the king and the people embraced Islam. Sultanate of Demak and Walisanga council at that time was preparing a strategic alliance to face the Portuguese colonial forces who entered the archipelago and has mastered the Sultanate of Malacca.

Sultan Trenggono send a thousand troops and an Islamic ruler, namely Khatib Dayan Banjarmasih which will convert the king and his subjects. Prince Indian troops managed to penetrate enemy defenses. Arya Mangkubumi Taranggana suggest king than many people on both sides who are victims, better victory accelerated with duel between the two kings. But in the end Prince Tumenggung finally willing to hand over power to Prince Samudera.

With the victory of the Indian Prince and took the people of Daha (Hulu Sungai) and residents of Bandar Muara Bahan (person Bakumpai) then came the new city, which previously Banjarmasih a village populated only slightly. On 24 September 1526 to coincide on 6 Zulhijjah 932 H, embraced Islam and the Indian Prince Sultan holds Suriansyah (1526-1550). Still used as a palace Patih house, also built paseban, pagungan, sitilohor (Sitihinggil), castle, market and mosque (Mosque of Sultan Suriansyah). Muara Kuin river covered cerucuk (trucuk) from ilayung trees to protect the palace from enemy attack. Near the mouth of the river are home Syahbandar Kuin, namely Rachel Royal Goja Babouw a Gujarati.

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