Archive for the ‘ Mosque Sultan Suriansyah ’ Category

Mosque Sultan Suriansyah

Mosque SultanĀ  Suriansyah or Mosque Kuin is a historic mosque which is the oldest mosque in South Kalimantan. This mosque was built in the reign of Sultan Suriansyah (1526-1550), king of Banjar first to embrace Islam. Kuin Mosque is one of the three oldest mosque in the city of Banjarmasin on the Mufti Jamaluddin (Mufti Banjarmasin), another mosque is the Great Mosque (mosque Jami) and the Mosque Basirih. The mosque is located in Village North Kuin, Banjarmasin Utara, Banjarmasin, Banjar area known as the Old capital of the Sultanate of Banjar is the site of the first. The mosque is located adjacent to the tomb complex of Sultan Suriansyah and there across the river Kuin. Architectural form and roofed with overlapping construction stage, is a traditional-style mosques Banjar. Traditional Banjar style mosques in the mihrab has its own separate roof with the main building. The mosque was founded on the banks of the river Kuin.

Old Mosque

Antiquity of this mosque can be seen in 2 pieces of inscriptions are written on the octagon-shaped area measuring 50 cm x 50 cm, ie at the two leaf door Lawang Agung. On the right side door there are 5 lines of the Arab-Malay inscription reads:” Ba’da hijratun Nabi Shalallahu ‘alahihi wassalam sunnah 1159 pada Tahun Wawu ngaran Sultan Tamjidillah Kerajaan dalam Negeri Banjar dalam tanah tinggalan Yang mulia.” Sedangkan pada daun pintu sebelah kiri terdapat 5 baris inskripsi Arab-Melayu berbunyi: Kiai Damang Astungkara mendirikan wakaf Lawang Agung Masjid di Nagri Banjar Darussalam pada hari Isnain pada sapuluh hari bulan Sya’ban tatkala itu (tidak terbaca)”. Both these inscriptions show on Monday the 10th of Sha’ban 1159 has been going on making Lawang Agung (renovation of the mosque) by Kiai Demat Astungkara in the reign of Sultan Tamjidillah I (1734-1759).

In the pulpit made of ironwood chancel arch there with calligraphy reads “Allah Muhammadarasulullah”. In the upper right are made “Krono LegiĀ : Hijrah 1296 bulan Rajab hari Selasa tanggal 17”, is on the left are made “Allah subhanu wal hamdi al-Haj Muhammad Ali al-Najri”.

Philosophy Room

Patterns of space on Suriansyah Sultan Mosque is the spatial pattern of the Great Mosque of Demak architecture that was brought together with the emergence of Islam to this region by Khatib Dayan. Agung Demak mosque architecture itself is influenced by the architecture of ancient Javanese Hindu kingdom in the future. Identify the influence of architecture is performed in three basic aspects of Hindu Javanese architecture that filled the mosque. Three aspects are: the roof of Meru, a sacred space (cella) and the space surrounding the pole teachers cella. Meru is a sacred building roofs characteristic of Java and Bali. Roof forms that rise and tapers to the top is a symbol of verticality and orientation of power upward. Buildings that are considered most sacred and important and has a roof top level and the highest. Feature roof Meru looked at Sultan Mosque which has a roof terraced Suriansyah as the most important buildings in the area. Roof forms a large and dominant, giving the impression of space below it is a sacred space (sacred), which is called cella. Pole teachers are the pillars surrounding the cella space (sacred space). Cella room covered poles there is a teacher in front of the mihrab room, which means that cosmology cella more important than the mihrab.